Femtosecond laser microfabrication

Femtosecond laser micromachining in azopolymer films, at 2006 MRS Fall Meeting (Boston, MA, USA), Monday, November 27, 2006:
In this work, we investigated femtosecond laser micromachining in both poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and PMMA doped with the azoaromatic compounds Disperse Red 1 (DR1) and Disperse Red 13 (DR13). These compounds are particularly interesting due to their linear and nonlinear optical properties.
Micromachining transparent materials using a femtosecond laser oscillator, at Photonics West (San Jose, CA), Tuesday, January 23, 2001:
The use of femtosecond laser pulses for high-precision micromachining of the surface and bulk of transparent materials has received much attention in recent years. Several groups have demonstrated the direct writing of waveguides and other photonic devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers. Many of the capabilities demonstrated in these experiments offer solutions to problems the telecommunications industry is currently facing. A major obstacle, however, for industrial adoption of the techniques that have been developed is the cost and complexity of the amplified femtosecond laser... Read more about Micromachining transparent materials using a femtosecond laser oscillator
Reversible birefringence in microstructures, at CLEO 2006 (Longbeach, CA, USA), Thursday, January 5, 2006:
We use two-photon absorption polymerization to fabricate optically active microstructures that exhibit optically-induced birefringence and dichroism. Our results open the door to new applications in data storage, waveguides and optical circuitry
Applications of femtosecond lasers in materials processing, at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Munich, Germany), Wednesday, June 17, 2009:
Chemical bonding, phase transitions, and surface processes occur on timescales comparable to the natural oscillation periods of atoms and molecules, in the range of femtoseconds (1 fs =10�15 s) to picoseconds (1 ps = 10�12 s). Advances in the generation of ultrashort laser pulses in the past two decades have made it possible to directly observe these fundamental processes. These advances have taken us from the picosecond timescale a generation ago, to the femtosecond timescale in the past decade, and recently into the attosecond (1 as = 10�18 s) regime. Materials science,... Read more about Applications of femtosecond lasers in materials processing
Microexplosions: Highly supersonic plasma expansion following femtosecond laser induced breakdown, at OSA Annual Meeting (Baltimore, MD), Thursday, October 1, 1998:
Tightly focused ultrashort laser pulses are used to produce a hot, dense plasma in water. Using time-resolved imaging and scattering techniques we map the supersonic expansion of this plasma. The expansion reaches a speed of 90 km/s, the fastest expansion witnessed to date in laser induced breakdown. Extreme temperature and pressure drive this expansion.
Interactions of Femtosecond Laser Pulses with Transparent Materials, at Physics colloquium, University of Massachusetts at Lowell (Lowell, MA), Wednesday, April 12, 2000:
Usually when light goes through a piece of glass, nothing happens to either the light nor the glass, i.e. the glass is transparent. With a powerfull femtosecond laser pulse, however, both the laser light and the glass can be changed. We study the interaction of intense, femtosecond laser pulses with bulk transparent materials. The intensity of a tightly-focused, femtosecond laser pulse can be high enough to cause nonlinear absorption of laser energy by the transparent material. When enough energy is deposited, permanent material change results. The absorption and therefore the material... Read more about Interactions of Femtosecond Laser Pulses with Transparent Materials
Femtosecond Laser Micromachining: Applications in Technology and Biology, at 2005 SPIE Photonics West Conference, Symposium OE04: Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials IX (San Jose, CA), Wednesday, January 26, 2005:
When femtosecond laser pulses are focused tightly into a transparent material, the intensity in the focal volume can become high enough to cause nonlinear absorption of laser energy. The absorption, in turn, can lead to permanent structural or chemical changes. Such changes can be used for micromachining bulk transparent materials. Applications include data storage and the writing of waveguides and waveguide splitters in bulk glass, fabrication of micromechanical devices in polymers, and subcellular photodisruption inside single cells. In this talk we will review recent results obtained in... Read more about Femtosecond Laser Micromachining: Applications in Technology and Biology

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