Micromachining of bulk glass with tightly-focused femtosecond laser pulses

Presentation Date: 

Tuesday, October 26, 1999


XI International Symposium Ultrafast Phenomena in Spectroscopy, Academia Sinica (Taipei, Taiwan)

Presentation Slides: 

By focusing femtosecond laser pulses with high numerical-aperture microscope objectives, we micromachine optical glass using energies that are in the range of modern laser oscillators. When a femtosecond laser pulse is tightly focused inside a transparent material, energy deposition occurs only at the focus, where the laser intensity is high enough to cause absorption through nonlinear processes. When enough energy is deposited, the material is damaged and a localized change in the index of refraction is produced. By scanning the focus through the sample, very precise, three-dimensional microstructuring can be achieved.