Theory of field effects on transport properties of polyatomic gases in the transition regime


A simple method is presented for describing the effects of external magnetic or electric fields on the transport properties of polyatomic gases over the entire range from the continuum to the Knudsen regime. Instead of treating bulk and boundary-layer effects separately, both molecular and surface scattering are included from the beginning in the collisional part of the Boltzmann equation, and the surface is treated as one component of a multicomponent mixture. A simple first-order solution of this problem is sufficient to account for the dependence of the transport coefficients on the Knudsen number in the presence of a field. Detailed results for the longitudinal and transverse viscomagnetic effects in a single gas are presented, and shown to be in good agreement with experimental data for CO and N2.
Last updated on 07/24/2019